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The Cambridge-INET Institute

 

David Baqaee (UCLA)

"Entry vs. Rents (w/Emmanuel Farhi) "

Abstract: We show that the tension between entry and rents lies at the core of a general theory of aggregation with scale effects. This paper characterizes the responses of macro aggregates to micro shocks in disaggregated economies with general forms of entry, internal or external returns to scale, input-output linkages, and distortions. We decompose changes in output into changes in technical and allocative efficiency, and show that the latter depend on changes in rents and entry across markets. In addition, we characterize the social costs of distortions. We prove that while first-best industrial policy is network-independent, second-best policy does depend on the network, and boosts upstream industries that intensively supply downstream industries with high returns to scale. As an application, we quantify the impact of misallocation from markups on aggregate efficiency in the US. In our preferred specification, losses are 40% of GDP whereas if we abstract from endogenous entry they are only 20%. Our baseline is sensitive not only to modeling entry, but also to the specifics of how entry is modeled, in ways that our social-costs-of-distortions formulas clarify.

When: Friday 12th February 2021 - 4:00pm

Where: Zoom

Reading Group: Networks Webinar

Theme: networks