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Carvalho, V. M. and Grassi, B.

Large Firm Dynamics and the Business Cycle

American Economic Review

Vol. 109 no. 4 pp. 1375-1425 (2019)

Abstract: Do large firm dynamics drive the business cycle? We answer this question by developing a quantitative theory of aggregate fluctuations caused by firm-level disturbances alone. We show that a standard heterogeneous firm dynamics setup already contains in it a theory of the business cycle, without appealing to aggregate shocks. We offer an analytical characterization of the law of motion of the aggregate state in this class of models, the firm size distribution, and show that aggregate output and productivity dynamics display: (i) persistence, (ii) volatility, and (iii) time-varying second moments. We explore the key role of moments of the firm size distribution, and, in particular, the role of large firm dynamics, in shaping aggregate fluctuations, theoretically, quantitatively, and in the data.

Keywords: Large Firm Dynamics, Firm Size Distribution, Random Growth, Aggregate Fluctuations

JEL Codes: D21, D22, D24, E32, L11

Author links: Vasco Carvalho  

Publisher's Link: https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.20151317



Cambridge-INET Working Paper Version of Paper: Efficiency and equilibrium in network games: An experiment, Gallo, E. and Yan, C., (2015)

Cambridge-INET Working Paper Version of Paper: Large Firm Dynamics and the Business Cycle, Carvalho, V. M. and Grassi, B., (2015)